TagesAnzeiger – Umverteilen! Wenn Lagardes Leute so tönen wie Linke

Höhere Steuern für die Reichsten und vielleicht sogar ein bedingungsloses Grundeinkommen – das fordert der Internationale Währungsfonds in einem neuen Bericht.

Noch in den 1990er-Jahren galt der Internationale Währungsfonds (IWF) als zentrale Institution des Neoliberalismus. Seine Umschuldungsprogramme galten als besonders kaltherzig. Spätestens seit der Finanzkrise zeigen die Ökonomen von IWF-Chefin Christine Lagarde eine ganz andere Haltung. Kritisch hinterfragt wird in seinen Berichten etwa die internationale Kapitalmarktmobilität oder die Austerität, das heisst die Wirkung von harten Sparmassnahmen in Ländern, die in einer Wirtschaftskrise stecken. Selbst auf die Risiken einer steigenden Ungleichheit weisen die Berichte hin.

Der heute publizierte «Fiscal Outlook» passt zu diesem neuen Fokus. Er geht nicht nur auf die Entwicklung der Ungleichheit ein, er macht sich auch für höhere Steuern für die Reichsten stark und geht vertieft auf die Vorschläge für ein bedingungsloses Grundeinkommen ein. Die Argumentation dürfte die Debatte zu Ungleichheit und Steuern weltweit befruchten.

-> Zum Artikel

TagesAnzeiger – Schulen bauen reicht nicht

Die beste Art von Entwicklungshilfe müssten doch Investitionen in Schulen sein. Wenn Kinder dort Grundfähigkeiten wie Lesen und Schreiben erlernen, werden nicht nur ihre eigenen Möglichkeiten massiv ausgeweitet, eine Volkswirtschaft wird insgesamt deutlich effizienter. Ein breites Grundwissen ist überdies die Voraussetzung, dass sich nicht nur eine Minderheit Expertenwissen aneignen kann für eine breite Partizipation an den gesellschaftlichen, politischen und ökonomischen Vorgängen in einem Land. Das stärkt die gesellschaftlichen Institutionen und erschwert Missbrauch und Korruption.

-> Zum Artikel

NYTimes – Hands Tied by Old Hope, Diplomats in Myanmar Stay Silent

It is unfolding again: Troops have unleashed fire and rape and indiscriminate slaughter on a vulnerable minority, driving hundreds of thousands of civilians to flee and creating a humanitarian emergency that crosses borders.

A crisis in Myanmar that many saw coming has brought a host of uncomfortable questions along with it: Why did the world — which promised “never again” after Rwanda and Bosnia, then Sudan and Syria — seemingly do so little to forestall an ethnic cleansing campaign by Myanmar’s military? And what can be done now to address the urgent humanitarian calamity caused when more than half of Myanmar’s ethnic Rohingya Muslims fled the country over just a few weeks?

-> To the article

CMRubinWorld – The Global Search for Education : On the Road to 2030 Our Planet Made a Plan

Since September 2015, education leaders and other influencers around the world have encouraged schools to promote all the goals. We’ve talked to teachers that acknowledge there’s nothing like real world challenges and case studies which allow students to apply the knowledge skills and dispositions they will need to succeed in an interconnected world.

How are we all doing so far? What have leaders learned from the implementation journey, and as a new school year begins, how can we build on those lessons to improve our efforts to achieve our planet’s plan moving forward?

Thomas Gass was appointed by the UN Secretary-General as Assistant Secretary-General for Policy Coordination and Inter-Agency Affairs in UN DESA and he took office on 3 September 2013. The Global Search for Education welcomes Thomas Gass.

-> To the article

devex – Why more groups are calling on comedy to counter violent extremism

Comedy has long been the medium of choice for people to broach otherwise taboo or polarizing topics. Saudi Arabia’s Hatoon Kadi has become known for her satirical videos about women’s and family issues in the country, and Indonesia’s Sakdiyah Ma’ruf, one of the world’s first female Muslim stand-ups, regularly takes on domestic violence and arranged marriage on stage. Both have amassed major social media followings as a result.

East India Comedy, too, has emerged as a social media influencer with the kind of young audience that an increasing number of groups, including governments, want to reach with alternative narratives as a means to counter violent extremism.

But it wasn’t until Priyank Mathur, a former counterterrorism officer for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, founded Mythos Labs that the idea to “fight terror with comedy” took off.

-> To the article and video

 

Worldbank / SECO – Switzerland and the World Bank Group Partner to Make Cities Safer

Image result for Switzerland and the World Bank Group Partner to Make Cities Safer

In the wake of natural disasters that have threatened millions of people and destroyed thousands of buildings and dwellings over the past few months, the future resilience of urban environments is receiving a boost of support today, as the Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO) became the first donor in the World Bank’s City Resilience Program (CRP). SECO’s US$9 million investment will anchor a ten-year, multi-donor trust fund that will finance programs to advance urban resilience and safer infrastructure in the built environment throughout the developing world.

-> Zum Artikel

The Economist – The Rohingya refugee crisis is the worst in decades

The weekly outflow from Myanmar is the highest since the Rwandan genocide

ON AUGUST 25th a group of militant Rohingya Muslims attacked police bases in northern Myanmar. The army retaliated with untrammelled fury, burning villages, killing civilians and raping women. More than 420,000 terrified Rohingyas have crossed the border into Bangladesh. The UN’s International Organisation for Migration (IOM) has proclaimed the exodus “unprecedented in terms of volume and speed”, and Zeid Ra’ad al-Hussein, the UN’s human-rights chief, called it a “textbook example of ethnic cleansing”.

Myanmar’s leaders deny they are conducting a campaign of repression against the Rohingyas. Aung San Suu Kyi, the de facto leader of the government and a winner of the Nobel peace prize, has repeatedly failed to condemn the attacks. Speaking on September 19th, she again avoided mentioning the Rohingyas by name, and flatly claimed that no violence or village clearances had occurred since September 5th. Amnesty International, a human-rights group, branded the speech “a mix of untruths and victim-blaming”.

-> To the article

Devex – How the SDGs are making generalists in demand again

World leaders descended upon New York last week for discussions on a wide range of global development issues at the United Nations General Assembly. Peacebuilding, migration, climate change, and accelerating political momentum for the Sustainable Development Goals were among the six priority areas on the agenda.

The SDGs were the central theme of conversations throughout the week as a reminder to governments and other sectors of their commitments to achieve these goals by 2030. Since the adoption of the SDGs two years ago, they have become integral to the work of all U.N. agencies — but perhaps none more so than its lead development agency, United Nations Development Program. The 17 goals guide the agency in its policy and funding decisions as it strives to implement them in its work.

-> To the article

NZZ – Burma zeigt: Keine Religionsgemeinschaft ist vor Verfolgung und Feindlichkeit sicher

 

Die Geschehnisse in Burma stellen gängige Vorstellungen über friedliebende beziehungsweise gewaltbereite Religionsgemeinschaften auf den Kopf. Toleranz ist keine Frage des Glaubensbekenntnisses.

-> Zum Artikel